Sunday, July 13, 2014

Understanding Your Students (Performer Analysis #1)

Do you really understand your students' learning needs?  

Part 1

I shared an introduction of the ADDIE model of learning in the first week of July.  In this post, we will go for a deep dive into the "Analysis" phase about the "Student Analysis" or "Performer Analysis" in instructional design.  This analysis applies to tutoring, teaching and any type of designing learning events and activities.

A "Student Analysis" or "Performer Analysis" is essentially a study of your students before putting your lesson plan together.  But don't worry, if you are already in the middle of your lessons, you can still conduct this type of analysis, re-evaluate your lesson plan and tweak it based on the results.

Good learning design involves considering requirements of the task or job in terms of the background knowledge and skills of the students.  It is vital to give the students only what they need to know, NOT everything there is to know!

Student Analysis or Performer Analysis is the process of defining

  • important characteristics of the target learners to consider in developing tutoring or training
  • entry level knowledge and skills learners already have

To analyze your students and determine the prerequisite skills or knowledge, the major factors to consider are......
  • prior experience and knowledge
  • level of motivation to learn the skills
  • their education and reading levels
  • any features that will require special accommodation

The factors you select for analysis may vary from student to student.  In general, every single student analysis or performer analysis should include the following five categories:
  • Student Background
  • Level of Expertise
  • Demographics
  • Attitudes
  • Design Considerations

If you think this information is helpful and would like to see a list of questions and template I used for my student analysis, please leave a comment and let me know.  I will share the list of questions soon. Stay tuned!

Article source from ASTD Designing Learning Program; Picture source from Flickr

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