Monday, July 28, 2014

How to Select the Right Learning Methods? #1

Hopefully, now you have learned how to write a learning objective and how people learn in my previous posts. If not, please remember to click on the links above to learn more.  Today, I'd like to share how to choose the right learning methods based on the learning objectives.  There will be three parts to this topic. I will go over the first part in this post:

  1. Understanding the Knowledge, Skills and Attitude (KSAs)
  2. Identifying the levels for each learning objective
  3. Selecting the right learning method(s) based on the KSAs

Did you know?  


Teaching or tutoring is not only about presenting or sharing the information and testing your students' knowledge afterwards.  There are so many learning methods you can use to meet and support the overall learning objectives.

Before we dive right into choosing the right learning methods this week, it is important to understand three domains of educational activities.  Benjamin Bloom (1956) identified these three domains:

  • Cognitive: mental skills or knowledge
  • Psychomotor: manual or physical skills or skills
  • Affective: growth in feelings or emotional areas or attitude

If you an instructional designer, you may be familiar with "Knowledge, Skills and Attitude" (KSAs). It is important to understand these three domains before we select the right learning method.  In this post, we will review the definition of each domain:

Knowledge

The development of intellectual skills.  For example, knowing the principles of financial accounting; knowing how inflation rates affect the economy, or knowing how to write a blog on the internet.


Skills

Refers to physical movement, coordination, communication, and demonstration of skills.  For example, the ability to operate a machine, supervise direct reports, drive, or listen effectively.


Attitude

How we deal with things emotionally, such as feelings, motivation, and enthusiasm.  Although it is not taught, it may affect an individual's performance.  For example, seeking harmony in teams, or seeking and adjusting opinions based on conclusion that group input is valuable.

You should have a better understanding of KSAs now. We will go over the 6 levels of Benjamin Bloom's taxonomy of learning tomorrow.  Having a good grasp of the 6 levels will help you not only write better learning objectives but also select the right learning methods to support each learning objective.  So..stay tuned!

Any thoughts?


Source from ASTD Designing Learning Program

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