Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Benjamin Bloom's Taxonomy of Learning

In Part 2 of the "How to Select the Right Learning Methods?" series, I will share how to identify the levels for each learning objective, and what verbs to use based on the level.
  1. Understanding the Knowledge, Skills and Attitude (KSAs)
  2. Identifying the levels for each learning objective
  3. Selecting the right learning method(s) based on the KSAs

Based on Benjamin Bloom's taxonomy of learning, there are six major levels, which are listed in order below, starting from the simplest to the most complex. The verbs support acquisition of knowledge, skills, and attitude.  You can either use the verbs to create learning objectives, or use it as a guide to identify the level and difficulty for the lesson plan, or both.

I often refer to the chart below to construct learning objectives and identify the level when creating a lesson plan.  This chart will help you to create a more effective and clear lesson plan.  To learn more about Bloom's Taxonomy of Learning Domains, please click here.

Source: ASTD Designing Learning Program
Verbs (for Learning Objectives)
Knowledge: Recall data or information
defines, describes, identifies, knows, labels, lists, matches, names, outlines, recalls, recognizes, reproduces, selects, states
Comprehension: Understand the concept
comprehends, converts, defends, distinguishes, estimates, explains, extends, generalizes, interprets, paraphrases, predicts, rewrites, summarizes, translates
Application: Use a concept in a new situation
apples, changes, computes, constructs, demonstrates, discovers, modifies, operates, predicts, prepares, produces, relates, shows, solves, uses
Analysis: Separate material or concepts into parts so that its organizational structure may be understood
analyzes, breaks down, compares, diagrams, differentiates, identifies, illustrates, outlines, relates, selects, separates
Synthesis: Build a structure from diverse elements.  Put parts together to form a whole, with creating a new meaning or structure
categorizes, combines, compiles, creates, designs, explains, generates, modifies, organizes, plans, rearranges, relates, summarizes, tells, writes
Evaluation: Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials
compares, concludes, criticizes, defends, describes, interprets, explains, supports

If you would like to receive a soft copy of this chart, please leave a comment below (with your e-mail if you don't use Google +) and I'll send it to you within 24 hours!

Hope this is helpful.  I'll be sharing how to select the right learning methods based on the KSAs and levels this week, so stay tuned!

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